A New CESET research paper published as Open Access in a Special Issue
The paper highlights details of the community energy initiatives in Ethiopia and Mozambique and the three interrelated components of the energy landscape (Energy transition governance, energy flows, and energy use). The paper also included detailed comparative analysis of the community energy landscapes in Ethiopia and Mozambique. The findings indicate that the two countries have community energy supportive policy albeit with challenges in implementation though community energy is not properly defined and is considered as part of the off-grid energy systems. Both countries lack integrated planning and cost reflective tariffs. Greater involvement of communities during the development of community energy systems is better in Ethiopia compared to Mozambique. In Mozambique, communities are only involved in making land available, a process that is not preceded by public consultation. Therefore, they are only informed that the site in question has been selected for the implementation of the community energy project. The licensing process in both countries is not easy because of the involvement of several stakeholders. Communities are also not well aware of what kind of business model they should use, which is affecting sustainability of the systems. The results were used to inform the development of recommendations to overcome some of the challenges identified.
More details can be found in the open access paper which you can download via the link below.